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Language A2 (vwo) – this is a language course for near-native or native speakers in which pupils study both language and literature. Pupils will thus be able to use the language for purposes and in situations involving sophisticated discussion, argument and debate. Language A2 courses are available at both Higher and Standard Level.

Language B (havo) – this is a language learning course for pupils with some previous experience of learning the target language. The main focus of this course is on language acquisition, and pupils have the opportunity to reach a high degree of competence in a language and explore the culture using the language. The range of purposes and situations for which and in which the language is used extends to the domains of work, social relationships, and the discussion of abstract ideas. The English Language B course is available at Higher and Standard Level.

Languages A2 Higher and Standard Level (vwo)

The IB course is not based on topics but on registers (e.g. formal and informal letters, diary, editorial, brochure, essay) and so the standard of writing is high for IB. Topics studied in class are extremely varied and could include issues such as immigration, education, media, and literature. Pupils should get an insight into, and an appreciation of, the Anglo Saxon culture. The HL and SL courses have identical syllabuses and examinations, though the HL pupils examine topics in more depth and would study more literature than SL pupils. Thus while the same principles underlie both courses, HL examinations mark schemes are naturally more rigorous.

Core Content: The course presupposes a near native mastery of the language in question. Thus it is not a language acquisition course. Pupils study oral and written forms of the language in a range of styles, registers, and situations; how to structure arguments in a focused, coherent and persuasive way; how to engage in detailed, critical examination of a wide range of texts in different forms, styles, and registers and how to compare different texts.

Options: Language and Culture, Media and Culture, Future Issues, Global Issues, Social Issues, and Literary Options

Internal Assessment: 30% - two orals

o       one group oral (15%)

o       one individual (15%)

External Assessment: 70% - examination

o       Comparative text commentary: Candidates write a comparative commentary on a pairs of texts – 25%.

o       Essay: Candidates answer one essay question from a choice of 10 on the option topics above – 25%.

o       Written Tasks: Candidates complete two written tasks - one is based on a literary option, the other on a cultural option (e.g. letter to the editor about advertising) – 20%.

Languages B Higher Level (havo)

Core Content:

Speaking: Pupils aim to become fluent in the target language. By the end of the course they should be able to use a range of tenses, vocabulary and registers in spontaneous formal and informal conversation.

Reading: Pupils need to interpret a variety of authentic texts and show understanding of specific language items. Pupils must also understand the overall meaning of texts, for example by writing a letter in response to a given text.

Writing: Pupils must be able to convey ideas clearly, grammatically and coherently.

Internal Assessment: Interactive oral activity: 15%. Individual oral: 15%.

External Assessment: 70% Examination

Paper 1: Text handling and written response in target language (40%).

Paper 2: Two pieces of writing in the target language using a variety of registers (30%).